• Dr. Nader Amer

COVID-19

I have come out of my blog slumber to help bring to light the knowledge I've collected to whomever is interested in Coronavirus (COVID-19).Below I have summarized a definition of the disease including a very brief history, signs and symptoms, and some preventative measures.

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a new strain of a larger family of viruses (CoV) that was discovered in 2019 which was not identified in humans previously. It was transmitted between animals and humans known as zoonotic. [3] It was first reported isolated from stallholders who worked at the South China Seafood Market in Wuhan near the area researchers first discovered the virus between 2015-17. [4]. The virus is relatively new and research is continuing to make testing more accessible and progress toward a vaccine. Antibiotics CANNOT work on viruses, only bacteria.

COVID-19 effects on humans vary from mild symptoms to death. Initial signs to look for if you suspect, but can also be ALOT of other things, are fever (>100°F), cough, and shortness of breath. [2] Again, these are vague signs and could be a number of other things. If you are experiencing these symptoms call your primary care physician, call your insurance triage line (usually on the back of your insurance card), or if you do not have insurance call/email a medical provider prior to going to urgent care or emergency room. The next development stage of signs include difficulty breathing/shortness of breath, persistent pain/pressure in the chest, new confusion/inability to arouse, bluish lips/face. The list is still vague but the CDC categorized them as emergency warning signs and anyone with these symptoms should seek medical attention immediately. It is important to monitor anyone with any underlying conditions for these signs, no matter the age. People who have been diagnosed with heart disease, diabetes, lung disease, cancer, asthma, emphysema, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are all at a higher risk for contracting any disease but in this time certainly COVID-19. [2]

This virus is highly contagious resulting in this swift, widespread reaction across the globe. NPR stated data from the China outbreak indicated that per one person infected around 2 to 2.5 other people get infected, compared to average for the flu which maintains a 1:1.3 ratio. [1] Similarly to the flu, coronavirus is spread from person to person through respiratory droplets.  [2] Droplets does not just mean sneezes or coughs. It can be from someone rubbing their eyes, nose, or mouth without washing those orifices and subsequently contacting an uninfected person. The ways in which the virus can spread has resulted in the current frenzy of cleaning hands frequently, avoiding close contact and touching/using public facilities, covering coughs and sneezes, wearing a facemask if sick with anything (allergies, cold, flu), and cleaning and disinfecting phones/laptops/door knobs/cars/remotes. It is important that as a community we do these things to protect ourselves and get through this pandemic as quickly as possible.[4]

Even though a majority of the world is healthy, we are limiting our contact with each other to support all affected by this. This is a serious matter for now, but is manageable if directions are followed. It is important to follow local, state, and federal regulations at this time to decrease the risk of infection. If you are currently working with a physical therapist and concerned about your progress it is important that you continue with all the exercises prescribed to you by the physical therapist to maintain and decrease your risk of regressing. If you have any questions about your plan during this time of social distancing and self-quarantine feel free to email me at dr.naderamer@gmail.comor message me on www.dnaphysicaltherapy.com. Since I am a concierge therapist, I can come to you limiting your contact with others, while I screen all my patients with any signs or symptoms, I can offer telephone or video chat services as well.




1) https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/03/20/815408287/how-the-novel- coronavirus-and-the-flu-are-alike-and-different

2) https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html

3)https://www.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus

4) https://academic.oup.com/cid/advance-article/doi/10.1093/cid/ciaa112/5721420

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